The Ice Tube Clock, available as a kit, uses a lovely IV-18 vacuum-fluorescent display (VFD) tube.
Unlike Nixie tubes, which are current-operated gas-discharge displays, VFDs are thermionic voltage-controlled devices, just like the vacuum tubes used in old radios and amplifiers (as well as some modern high-voltage equipment). Specifically, VFDs are a special kind of directly-headed triode.
VFDs have three basic parts: the filament (cathode), the grid, and the phosphorescent anode(s). In the case of the IV-18 device used in the Ice Tube, the entire tube has two filament wires stretching the length of the tube (wired in parallel). Each separate digit has it’s own grid, and each of the 7 segments of the number display are ganged together is an anode. By quickly multiplexing the grids you can make the device appear to display all the digits at once.
In this photo you can see all three electrodes. Those two dark lines running horizontally across the photo are the filament wires.
Here you can see a couple of illuminated digits. The nebulous nature of the illumination across each segment is caused by variations in the electric field, and the grids casting an electron shadow onto the segments.
Have an amazing project to share? Join the SHOW-AND-TELL every Wednesday night at 7:30pm ET on Google+ Hangouts.
Join us every Wednesday night at 8pm ET for Ask an Engineer!
Learn resistor values with Mho’s Resistance or get the best electronics calculator for engineers “Circuit Playground” – Adafruit’s Apps!
Maker Business — Lessons Learned Scaling Airbnb 100X
Wearables — Start with a sketch
Electronics — When do I use X10?
Biohacking — Book Recommendation: Autonomous by Annalee Newitz
Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.