Artist and scientist Neri Oxman, professor and researcher at MIT and coiner of the phrase “material ecology,” has created a number of pieces that push the material possibilities of 3D printing art and design into new territory. Above is one of her Pneuma series pieces:
2012, Digital Materials
Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Greek for ‘air in motion’, the ancient word Pneuma is used in religious contexts to denote the spirit or the soul housed by the human ribcage. The wind of breath is equivalent in the material monism of Anaximenes to air as the element from which all else originates, and it is due to the architecture of the human house-of-breath that life’s air can be maintained. Pneuma 1 marks a series of design explorations depicting this ethereal constituent in material form, as a housing unit for the spirit from which breath emerges. Inspired by animals of the phylum Porifera such as sponges, this soft armor is designed to protect the body while providing comfort and flexibility. Two bodies filled with pores and channels allowing air to circulate throughout are printed using multiple materials with varying mechanical properties making up the stiff continuous shell and soft inner regions….
In collaboration with W. Craig Carter (MIT) and Joe Hicklin (The Mathworks)