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DIY Plywood Speakers

Paper iVictrola from gregoryhan on Vimeo.

Unplggd reader and MIT Architecture grad student, Noel Davis, found himself motivated to contact us after seeing Joel’s DIY digital Lomography camera project, sending us his own impressive handiwork. Like Joel, Noel was lured by a beautiful piece of tech: the iVictrola’s repurposed antiquated design is indeed a beautiful marriage of form and function. But the $1,000 price tag was out of Noel’s budget, so he looked to an affordable (and more creative) solution…one involving a laser cutter, aircraft plywood and his own unique design!

Starting from a photo I’d seen of the iVictrola, I spent a Saturday scouring antique shops for a similar phonograph horn. Unfortunately I wasn’t able to find one, and a search on eBay showed a few, but they were way too pricey for me. So I decided to make my own. I knew right away a circular cone would be too difficult, so I settled on a square one.

I did some reading on Wikipedia about horn loudspeakers, which are used to amplify the sound from a small driver (like the needle of a phonograph or the tiny speaker in a cell phone), especially the low frequencies. The article suggested that the cone should expand exponentially, so I made a test out of paper with the cross-sectional area increasing by 30% for every centimeter of the cone. The shape looked great, and it went together easily enough with scotch tape, but it didn’t amplify the sound at all when I held it up to my phone. I think the paper was too flimsy.

Encouraged by the first attempt, I decided to make a similar cone out of wood. Instead of a straight cone, I opted for a more sculptural question mark shaped, like something out of Dr. Seuss, and similar to the phonograph horns I’d seen. The geometry was quite a bit more difficult, so I spent a day modeling the design in SketchUp to create the cut templates. Then I used a laser cutter (I’m a graduate student in MIT’s Architecture Department, so I have access to some pretty nice tools!) to score and cut my templates out of 1/64″ thick model aircraft plywood.

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Stop breadboarding and soldering – start making immediately! Adafruit’s Circuit Playground is jam-packed with LEDs, sensors, buttons, alligator clip pads and more. Build projects with Circuit Playground in a few minutes with the drag-and-drop MakeCode programming site, learn computer science using the CS Discoveries class on code.org, jump into CircuitPython to learn Python and hardware together, or even use Arduino IDE. Circuit Playground Express is the newest and best Circuit Playground board, with support for MakeCode, CircuitPython, and Arduino. It has a powerful processor, 10 NeoPixels, mini speaker, InfraRed receive and transmit, two buttons, a switch, 14 alligator clip pads, and lots of sensors: capacitive touch, IR proximity, temperature, light, motion and sound. A whole wide world of electronics and coding is waiting for you, and it fits in the palm of your hand.

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