Patricia Bath – ophthalmologist, a patent first and more – African American History Month 2015 #BlackHistoryMonth
Patricia Bath, ophthalmologist, inventor and academic – (invented the Laserphaco Probe for cataract treatment).
Patricia Era Bath (born November 4, 1942 in the Harlem section of New York City) is an American ophthalmologist, inventor and academic. She has broken ground for women and African Americans in a number of areas. Prior to Bath, no woman had served on the staff of the Jules Stein Eye Institute, headed a post-graduate training program in ophthalmology, or been elected to the honorary staff of the UCLA Medical Center (an honor bestowed on her after her retirement). Before Bath, no black person had served as a resident in ophthalmology atNew York University and no black woman had ever served on staff as a surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center. Bath is the first African-American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts. The holder of four patents, she also founded the company of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness in Washington, D.C – Wikipedia.
Pat. No. 4,7443,60: Apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses, issued 17 May 1988.
Pat. No. 5,843,071: Method and apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses, issued 1 December 1998
Pat. No. 5,919,186: Laser apparatus for surgery of cataractous lenses, issued 6 July 1999
Pat. No. 6,083,192: Pulsed ultrasound method for fragmenting/emulsifying and removing cataractous lenses, issued 4 July 2000.
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