While your Pi is connected to a network it will be able to set it’s clock correctly using NTP. Without a network connection the system time and date will almost certainly be wrong. For some projects this is a problem especially if you are logging timestamps or performing other time sensitive operations.
This can be solved using a Real Time Clock (RTC) module. This will use a small coin cell battery to keep the time for the Pi even if it is turned off. When the Pi reboots it can set it’s own internal clock using the time held in by the RTC.
The easiest way of implementing an RTC is to buy a pre-made module. Luckily RTC modules are relatively cheap and easy to obtain. Some modules will attach directly the Pi’s GPIO header but these may get in the way of other devices so I prefer more generic modules that keep the GPIO clear for other purposes.
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