1790 – Patrick Matthew, Scottish originator of the first full and complete hypothesis of natural selection in 1831, is born.
Patrick Matthew was a Scottish landowner and fruit farmer, who contributed to understanding of horticulture, silviculture, and agriculture in general, with a focus on maintaining the British navy and feeding new colonies. He published the basic concept of natural selection as a mechanism of evolution in an obscure appendix to his 1831 book On Naval Timber and Arboriculture.
Matthew failed to develop or publicise his ideas concerning natural selection; Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace were credited with publishing the theory of evolution by natural selection in 1858; and historical analysis shows no firm evidence that either Darwin or Wallace encountered Matthew’s earlier work before he contacted them in 1860. Darwin then publicly acknowledged that Matthew’s brief statement in the appendix had anticipated by many years the principle of natural selection in On the Origin of Species.
1891 – James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, is born.
Sir James Chadwick, CH, FRS was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932. In 1941, he wrote the final draft of the MAUD Report, which inspired the U.S. government to begin serious atomic bomb research efforts. He was the head of the British team that worked on the Manhattan Project during the Second World War. He was knighted in England in 1945 for his achievements in physics.
1904 – Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist is born.
Enolia Pettigen McMillan was an African American educator, civil rights activist, and community leader and the first female national president of the NAACP.
1942 – Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate, is born.
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German biologist. She won the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1991 and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995, together with Eric Wieschaus and Edward B. Lewis, for their research on the genetic control of embryonic development. Today she lives in Bebenhausen, Germany.
2010 – Atmel opens online store!
2010 – Adafruit adds wish lists!
Adafruit now has WISH LISTS! For your shopping pleasure! This means you can add things to a “wish list” and then send it to someone else (or yourself) and that person, or you can add ALL the items to cart and buy them!
Over the last year or so many customers, students, hacker spaces and more told us what type of features they’ve wanted in a wish list and we’re please to launch this before the holiday season!
Join us every Wednesday night at 8pm ET for Ask an Engineer!
Maker Business — How Authority and Decision-Making Differ Across Cultures
Wearables — Template commitment
Electronics — Desolder with… more solder!
Biohacking — The TRI-Analyzer Turns Smartphones into a Mobile Lab
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