1886 – Dr. John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.
In April 1865, while serving as a lieutenant colonel of the Confederate Army’s Third Georgia Cavalry Battalion, Georgia State Guard, Pemberton was wounded in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia. He sustained his injury from a saber with which he was slashed across his chest, and like many wounded veterans of many wars, he became addicted to the morphine used to ease the pain. As the pharmacist that he was in civilian life, Pemberton sought a cure for his addiction. In 1866, in Columbus, Georgia, he started working on painkillers that would serve as opium-free alternatives to morphine. His first was “Dr. Tuggle’s Compound Syrup of Globe Flower (Cephalanthus occidentalis)”. He next began experimenting with coca and coca wines, eventually creating his own version of Vin Mariani, containing kola nut and damiana, which he called Pemberton’s French Wine Coca. According to Coca-Cola historian, Phil Mooney, Pemberton’s world-famous soda was “created in Columbus, Georgia and carried to Atlanta”.
1888 – Enea Bossi, Sr., Italian-American engineer, designed the Budd BB-1 Pioneer and Bossi-Bonomi Pedaliante is born.
Enea Bossi, Sr. was an Italian-American aerospace engineer and aviation pioneer. He is best known for designing the Budd BB-1 Pioneer, the first stainless steel aircraft; and also the Pedaliante airplane, disputably credited with the first fully human-powered flight.
1974 – NASA’s Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury.
Mariner 10 was an American robotic space probe launched by NASA on November 3, 1973, to fly by the planets Mercury and Venus.
Mariner 10 was launched approximately two years after Mariner 9 and was the last spacecraft in the Mariner program (Mariner 11 and 12 were allocated to the Voyager program and redesignated Voyager 1 and Voyager 2).
The mission objectives were to measure Mercury’s environment, atmosphere, surface, and body characteristics and to make similar investigations of Venus. Secondary objectives were to perform experiments in the interplanetary medium and to obtain experience with a dual-planet gravity assist mission. Mariner 10’s science team was led by Bruce C. Murray at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Limor Fried is a maker’s maker. Sure, she’s got prime geek credentials: She earned an electrical engineering degree from MIT, invented several delightfully nerdy things to do with Altoid tins, and reverse-engineered the legendary Roland TB-303 synthesizer. Now she runs Adafruit Industries, a New York City company that makes open source electronics kits and components for the growing tide of DIYers who are inventing the future…
2014 – Arduino Day 2014! Get ready for 24 hours of Arduino Posts and a LIVE show featuring @mbanzi #ArduinoD14
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Maker Business — How Authority and Decision-Making Differ Across Cultures
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