MicroPython is a lean and fast implementation of the Python 3 programming language that is optimised to run on a microcontroller. The MicroPython board is a small electronic circuit board that runs MicroPython on the bare metal, and gives you a low-level Python operating system that can be used to control all kinds of electronic projects.
Beginning about a year ago now, the European Space Agency decided to support MicroPython, with MicroPython forums user vsk stating the ESA’s intention “to determine the suitability of the language for space-based applications, in particular for payloads.” Late last year the language was ported to run on the BBC micro:bit, the ARM-based device deployed in the UK to teach computing to year 7 students (typically aged 11-13); the initiative has solid development on GitHub. Earlier this year the project’s creator and primary proponent Damien George concluded a successful Kickstarter campaign to “make MicroPython run like clockwork on the bare metal of the ESP8266 Wi-Fi chip,” raising over $41K, significantly more than their nearly $9K goal. And most recently, the aforementioned GitHub project helped package MicroPython in upcoming Fedora Linux distribution releases.