And as you can see from the elevation scale on the right there’s around a 9000m difference between the highest peak and the lowest crater floor (that must have been one huge impact!) on the Sun’s closest planet:
Data from NASA’s MESSENGER mission have been used to create this animation of the first global digital elevation model (DEM) of Mercury, revealing in stunning detail the topography across the entire innermost planet and paving the way for scientists to fully characterize its geologic history. Mercury’s surface is colored according to the topography of the surface, with regions with higher elevations colored brown, yellow, and red, and regions with lower elevations shown in blue and purple. The MESSENGER spacecraft was launched on Aug. 3, 2004, and began orbiting Mercury on March 17, 2011. It spent four years capturing images and information about the planet closest to the sun in unprecedented detail.
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