Add some ice cubes to a pan on the stove. Within minutes, you will have observed the three most common phases of matter: solid, liquid, and gas. But at the extreme of nature’s limits, such as close to absolute zero (−273° C), the same matter enters strange and wonderful new phases.
The 2016 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three researchers whose work transformed our understanding of matter in such exotic states. David Thouless of the University of Washington, Duncan Haldane of Princeton University, and Michael Kosterlitz of Brown University took home the prize for, as the Nobel committee put it, “theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.”
Each Tuesday is EducationTuesday here at Adafruit! Be sure to check out our posts about educators and all things STEM. Adafruit supports our educators and loves to spread the good word about educational STEM innovations!
Make a robot friend with Adafruit’s CRICKIT – A Creative Robotics & Interactive Construction Kit. It’s an add-on to our popular Circuit Playground Express, FEATHER and other platforms to make and program robots with CircuitPython, MakeCode, and Arduino. Start controlling motors, servos, solenoids. You also get signal pins, capacitive touch sensors, a NeoPixel driver and amplified speaker output. It complements & extends your boards so you can still use all the goodies on the microcontroller, now you have a robotics playground as well.