Suzanne LaFlesche Picotte was an Omaha Indian doctor and reformer in the late 19th century. She is widely acknowledged as the first Native American physician. She campaigned for public health and for the formal, legal allotment of land to members of the Omaha tribe.
Picotte was an active social reformer as well as a physician. She worked to discourage drinking on the reservation where she worked as the physician, as part of the temperance movement of the 19th century. Picotte also campaigned against tuberculosis, as part of a public health campaign on the reservation. She also worked to help other Omaha navigate the bureaucracy of the Office of Indian Affairs and receive the monies owed to them for the sale of their land.