1814 – The London Times becomes the first newspaper to be printed using automatic, steam-powered printing presses.
Mr. J. Walter, proprietor of the ‘London Times,’ was very impressed on viewing the single cylinder machine at its first viewing, with its unusual speed and great regularity; but he wanted a faster newspaper machine. Koenig however, briefly explained the more rapid action of a double machine [double-ender or twin feeder] which he had recently patented. Walter, then ordered two larger format double machines, at a cost of £1400 each, for his newspaper.
1837 – American Inventor John Wesley Hyatt is born.
Hyatt was born in Starkey, New York, and began working as a printer when he was 16. Later, he became an inventor, receiving several hundred patents. Aided by his brother Isaiah, he experimented with Parkesine, a hardened form of nitrocellulose, while researching a substitute for ivory to produce billiard balls. Parkesine had been invented by the English Alexander Parkes in 1862, and is considered the first true plastic, although it was not a success as a commercial or industrial product. Liquid nitrocellulose, or collodion, had been used as early as 1851 by another English inventor, Frederick Scott Archer, in photographic applications; it had also been used extensively as a quick-drying film to protect the fingertips of printers. Hyatt’s eventual result was a commercially viable way of producing solid, stable nitrocellulose, which he patented in the United States in 1869 as “Celluloid” (US patent 50359; now a genericized trademark). In 1870 Hyatt formed the Albany Dental Plate Company to produce, among other things, billiard balls, false teeth, and piano keys, Hyatt’s Celluloid Manufacturing Company was established in Albany, New York in 1872 and moved to Newark, New Jersey in 1873
1967 – Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish discover the PSR B1919+21, a pulsar with a period of 1.3373 seconds and a pulse width of 0.04 seconds.
In 1967, a radio signal was detected using the Interplanetary Scintillation Array of the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, UK, by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. The signal had a 1.337302088331-second period and 0.04-second pulsewidth. It originated at celestial coordinates 19h 19m right ascension, +21° declination. It was detected by individual observation of miles of graphical data traces. Due to its almost perfect regularity, it was at first assumed to be spurious noise, but this hypothesis was promptly discarded. The discoverers jokingly named it little green men 1 (LGM-1), considering that it may have originated from an extraterrestrial civilization, but Bell soon ruled out extraterrestrial life as a source after discovering a similar signal from another part of the sky.
The English post-punk band Joy Division used an image of CP 1919’s radio pulses on the cover of their 1979 debut album, Unknown Pleasures.
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