Sarah E. Goode was the first African-American female to receive a United States patent – awarded in 1885. Her invention (US 322177 A) was named the Cabinet Bed, because the bed was encased inside a cabinet-like structure that contained drawers for storage as well. Her invention was the precursor to the more widely-known Murphy Bed, which received its patent 15 years after hers. Sarah ran a furniture store along with her carpenter-husband Archie, and today a STEM-focused public high school on Chicago’s south side bears her name.
Here’s a picture of her later in life alongside some of the drawings from her patent: