This is an old-school project in several ways, for connecting an older Model B Pi to the antique Apple II – a couple videos below show the project in action, and there’s even a complete User Manual for the project. You can see more pictures of the board here and read more about it here and elsewhere on the schmenk.is-a-geek blog.
Welcome to the Apple II Pi: one of the most significant upgrades to the Apple II series since its
inception in 1977. The Apple II Pi integrates a modern 32-bit CPU/GPU, SD card, HDMI, and USB all
courtesy of the Raspberry Pi running as a co-processor to the Apple II. The Apple II’s 6502 remains
active, acting as an I/O processor, providing access to its keyboard, mouse, joystick and drives to Linux
running on the Raspberry Pi. By utilizing the GSport Apple IIgs emulator, the Apple II Pi can also be
the ultimate Apple II accelerator: emulating a maxed out Apple IIgs while seamlessly integrating most
of your physical Apple II peripherals.
Apple II Pi is a very sophisticated product: it can be as complicated as you want it to be, or as simple as
you want (and willing to buy). Your dealer will have options available from a plug-in, turnkey system
to a build-it-yourself kit. You will have to become somewhat familiar with Linux, even if it is just the
log in procedure. But the more you invest, the more you will get out of your Apple II Pi. The Apple II
Pi’s operating system is Raspbian: an industrial strength, modern Linux distribution. The Apple II Pi
can run the full suite of Raspbian software packages available for free, including web browsers, mail
clients, powerful office productivity applications, and a full spectrum of programming tools. With
GSport, you will have almost every Apple II application and game available, using your real Apple II
The Apple II Pi adapter card can connect to the Raspberry Pi two ways: an internal, directly attached
Raspberry Pi and an externally, ribbon cable attached Raspberry Pi. The internal mount is a neater
installation but it is very restrictive: it only works in an Apple //e with added cooling fan and access to
the video/audio ports is limited. All others should use the external attachment.
This manual will take you through the steps to install and access the features of the Apple II Pi.
However, many of the capabilities of the Raspberry Pi, and Linux, are beyond the scope of this manual.
You are encouraged to use the links at the end of this manual, Internet resources, and even your local
library to learn more about the technology and features included with the Apple II Pi.
Read more here.
Basically, the Apple II Pi is the integration of an Apple II with a Raspberry Pi (http://www.raspberrypi.org) to create a hybrid computer combining the input devices and storage mediums of the Apple with the CPU, GPU (graphical processing unit), USB, and network capabilities of the Broadcom BCM2835 SoC (think smartphone processor). The concept is to create an updated version of the Apple II using some imagination, low-level drivers, off-the-shelf hardware, and a closely coupled communications channel; thus bringing semi-modern hardware and 32 bit *nix software to the Apple II platform. The Apple II is running as a dedicated I/O processor for the Raspberry Pi under ProDOS. The Raspberry Pi is running a version of Debian Linux: Raspbian. Much like the PC Transporter card brought MS-DOS and the Z-80 card brought CP/M, the Apple II Pi brings Linux to the Apple II using the Apple’s input devices and the Raspberry Pi’s video output. As such, knowledge and familiarity with Linux is required to get the most out of its environment. Under Linux, the Apple II Pi can read and write the Apple’s storage devices (floppies/harddrives/CFFA) and also run the GSport Apple IIgs emulator (http://gsport.sourceforge.net). Together, GSport and Apple II Pi provide an immersive environment providing access to most of the Apple II hardware you own plus an accelerated ~20MHz 65816 with up to 8 MB RAM, and all the disk images you can fit on the SD card.
Each Friday is PiDay here at Adafruit! Be sure to check out our posts, tutorials and new Raspberry Pi related products. Adafruit has the largest and best selection of Raspberry Pi accessories and all the code & tutorials to get you up and running in no time!
Thanks for picking up my Apple II Pi project on your blog. In the years since writing my blog, the A2Pi project has gone into production. You can find up-to-date information here:
The source code project (if you want to roll your own):
And, of course, more videos: