HackerRank are “building an engaged community of problem solvers in different domains of Computer Science like AI, Algorithms, Machine Learning, functional programming, etc” and have a bunch of ‘practice’ challenges for users to attempt to solve. You can upload your solution/s to a leaderboard, along with discussions and the ability to seek advice on your coding chops. They have a challenge that’s especially apt for today – Programmer Day! – that spins the origin of the day, from within Russia, against the dilemma of coding for past calendar dates against the Gregorian and Julian calendars. How would you solve this challenge using code? There are over 40 programming languages to choose from, including BASH, C#, Fortran, Go, Julia, Perl, Rust, and more!
(Note: you’ll have to create an account with HackerRank to upload your code – and as best I can tell Submissions cannot be edited or deleted – or take part in Discussions, but there’s a lot more to HackerRank than just this one Challenge so check ’em out!)
From 1700 to 1917, Russia’s official calendar was the Julian calendar; since 1919 they used the Gregorian calendar system. The transition from the Julian to Gregorian calendar system occurred in 1918, when the next day after January 31st was February 14th. This means that in 1918, February 14th was the 32nd day of the year in Russia.
In both calendar systems, February is the only month with a variable amount of days; it has 29 days during a leap year, and 28 days during all other years. In the Julian calendar, leap years are divisible by 4; in the Gregorian calendar, leap years are either of the following:
- Divisible by 400.
- Divisible by 4 and not divisible by 100.
Given a year, y, find the date of the 256th day of that year according to the official Russian calendar during that year. Then print it in the format
ddis the two-digit day,
mmis the two-digit month, and
For example, the given year = 1984. 1984 is divisible by 4, so it is a leap year. The 256th day of a leap year after 1918 is September 12, so the answer is 12.09.1984.