Before his assassination on Feb. 21, 1965, Malcolm X was one of the most outspoken black nationalist leaders. He articulated the anger, struggle, and hopes of blacks in the 1960s.
The foundation for Malcolm X’s beliefs came from the teachings of Islam, which he was introduced to while serving time in prison. When he was released he went on to become a spokesperson for black Muslims in America. In 1964, he made a pilgrimage to Mecca and then split with the teachings of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad and began following an Orthodox branch of Islam.
To read more and hear the audio, check out WNYC’s website.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X
In the searing pages of this classic autobiography, originally published in 1964, Malcolm X, the Muslim leader, firebrand, and anti-integrationist, tells the extraordinary story of his life and the growth of the Black Muslim movement. His fascinating perspective on the lies and limitations of the American Dream, and the inherent racism in a society that denies its nonwhite citizens the opportunity to dream, gives extraordinary insight into the most urgent issues of our own time. The Autobiography of Malcolm X stands as the definitive statement of a movement and a man whose work was never completed but whose message is timeless. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand America.
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