Biohacking : The Prebiotic Advantage

Our microbiome is made of living organisms which means we need to provide appropriate nutrients to keep them happy and our gut balanced. The definition of prebiotics was first establish in 1995 and has been through several iterations. The current 2015 prebiotic definition version from the International Dairy Federation (IDF) is:

“A nondigestible compound that, through its metabolization by microorganisms in the gut, modulates the composition and/or activity of the gut microbiota, thus conferring a beneficial physiologic effect on the host.”

Benefits of Prebiotics

There are eight forms of prebiotic dietary fiber. All of which have been found to have at least of the following eight health effects when taken in appropriate quantities.

1. Increases in Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli
2. Production of beneficial metabolites
3. Increases in calcium absorption
4. Decreases in protein fermentation
5. Decreases in pathogenic bacteria populations
6. Decreases in allergy risk
7. Effects on gut barrier permeability
8. Improved immune system defense

Eight Categories of Prebiotics

The first three are traditional prebiotic types with the most evidence based beneficial health effects. Foods which are particularly high in a given prebiotic are provided as examples.

  1. Beta-glucan – oats, barley, mushrooms, algae
  2. FOS, Oligofructose and Inulin– jerusalem artichokes, onions, chicory root, wheat, rye
  3. GOS – split peas, beans, cashews
  4. IMO – Isomaltooligosaccharides – enzymatic conversion of corn starch
  5. Guar gum – used in dairy, baked good, cereals and meat products.
  6. Lactulose – does not naturally occur in foods.
  7. RSs and Maltodextrin – derived from corn, potato starch, wheat or rice.
  8. XOS – Xylooligosaccharides and Arabinooligosaccharides – Made from agricultural byproducts corn cobs / husks, straw, sugarcane bagasse, green coconut. Often added to cereals, bars and sports drinks. Popular in Japan.

Adafruit publishes a wide range of writing and video content, including interviews and reporting on the maker market and the wider technology world. Our standards page is intended as a guide to best practices that Adafruit uses, as well as an outline of the ethical standards Adafruit aspires to. While Adafruit is not an independent journalistic institution, Adafruit strives to be a fair, informative, and positive voice within the community – check it out here:

Join Adafruit on Mastodon

Adafruit is on Mastodon, join in!

Stop breadboarding and soldering – start making immediately! Adafruit’s Circuit Playground is jam-packed with LEDs, sensors, buttons, alligator clip pads and more. Build projects with Circuit Playground in a few minutes with the drag-and-drop MakeCode programming site, learn computer science using the CS Discoveries class on, jump into CircuitPython to learn Python and hardware together, TinyGO, or even use the Arduino IDE. Circuit Playground Express is the newest and best Circuit Playground board, with support for CircuitPython, MakeCode, and Arduino. It has a powerful processor, 10 NeoPixels, mini speaker, InfraRed receive and transmit, two buttons, a switch, 14 alligator clip pads, and lots of sensors: capacitive touch, IR proximity, temperature, light, motion and sound. A whole wide world of electronics and coding is waiting for you, and it fits in the palm of your hand.

Have an amazing project to share? The Electronics Show and Tell is every Wednesday at 7pm ET! To join, head over to YouTube and check out the show’s live chat – we’ll post the link there.

Join us every Wednesday night at 8pm ET for Ask an Engineer!

Join over 36,000+ makers on Adafruit’s Discord channels and be part of the community!

CircuitPython – The easiest way to program microcontrollers –

Maker Business — “Packaging” chips in the US

Wearables — Enclosures help fight body humidity in costumes

Electronics — Transformers: More than meets the eye!

Python for Microcontrollers — Python on Microcontrollers Newsletter: Silicon Labs introduces CircuitPython support, and more! #CircuitPython #Python #micropython @ThePSF @Raspberry_Pi

Adafruit IoT Monthly — Guardian Robot, Weather-wise Umbrella Stand, and more!

Microsoft MakeCode — MakeCode Thank You!

EYE on NPI — Maxim’s Himalaya uSLIC Step-Down Power Module #EyeOnNPI @maximintegrated @digikey

New Products – Adafruit Industries – Makers, hackers, artists, designers and engineers! — #NewProds 7/19/23 Feat. Adafruit Matrix Portal S3 CircuitPython Powered Internet Display!

Get the only spam-free daily newsletter about wearables, running a "maker business", electronic tips and more! Subscribe at !

No Comments

No comments yet.

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.