In 1981, a number of stakeholders in electronic music put together an academic paper that ultimately changed the way that people created music.
The paper recommended a “Universal Synthesizer Interface” for musical instruments as a way to ensure that players could translate their musical data from one instrument to another. This technology initially relied on phone jacks with a focus on synthesizers, but it eventually evolved into Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, in 1983, which mixed both hardware interfaces with a data-distribution protocol.
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