Engineers crack a 58-year-old quantum conundrum: using electric fields @physorg_com
A happy accident in the laboratory has led to controlling the nucleus of a single atom using only electric fields. It’s breakthrough discovery that not only solved a problem that stood for more than half a century, but has major implications for the development of quantum computers and sensors.
In a study published March 11th in Nature, a team of engineers at UNSW Sydney made the announcement:
“This discovery means that we now have a pathway to build quantum computers using single-atom spins without the need for any oscillating magnetic field for their operation,” says UNSW’s Scientia Professor of Quantum Engineering Andrea Morello. “Moreover, we can use these nuclei as exquisitely precise sensors of electric and magnetic fields, or to answer fundamental questions in quantum science.”
Controlling nuclear spin with electric, instead of magnetic fields, is fantastic. Generating magnetic fields requires large coils and high currents, while the laws of physics dictate that it is difficult to confine magnetic fields to very small spaces—they tend to have a wide area of influence (think MRI machines). Electric fields, on the other hand, can be produced at the tip of a tiny electrode, and they fall off very sharply away from the tip. This will make control of individual atoms placed in nanoelectronic devices much easier.
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