Here are some of the most influential and innovative chemists, and their work, from Science Focus:
Born in 1930, Tu Youyou is a phytochemist, meaning she specialises in the chemistry of plants. She was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her research into plant compounds, leading to the development of a new therapy against malaria.
She studied pharmacology at Beijing Medical College before transferring to the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 1959. Here, she gained training in traditional Chinese medicine for the purposes of modern Western medical applications. This training provided a basis for her future work applying traditional Chinese medicine to modern drug development.
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